From a Billy Joel concert in Memphis from 1974... if you listen throughout he is heavy on the toms... I love the nice "boomy" sound to them, no question the toms had both heads intact here. I think he was using his Ludwigs on this perfromance.
And from the same show, Captain Jack. Seems all you can hear during the song is his bass drum, no doubt its being played wide open with no outer head whatsoever.