Originally Posted by MrInsanePolack
Determinism states that for everything that happens, there are conditions such that, given those conditions, nothing else could happen. For example, I choose to punch someone in the face. There is a choice. Determinism dictates that since my fist contacted their face, they will feel the force of my fist on their face. This is what determinism states. Its A+B=C. But A and B have the option to be a choice. And in events of no choice, such as a car wreck, determinism only dictates twisted metal, not the fate of all those involved. Cars might be totaled, maybe not. People may die, maybe not. It is cause and effect, with philosophical ideas behind it.
I think this is called compatibilism? The idea that free will (choice) can co-exist with determinism. The idea that they cannot co-exist is, I believe, called incompatibilism.
Not that I'm an authority or can even particularly keep up with all the variants.